Sleep-deprived? You’re not alone.
According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), 30 to 40 percent of adults have insomnia symptoms at least once a year.
Up to 15 percent of adults have chronic insomnia–they struggle every night with sleep. Another group of adults have chronic-intermittent insomnia, meaning they sleep well several nights in a row and then have a few bad nights. In fact, eleven different types of insomnia have been identified and cover those who can’t fall asleep, those who can’t stay asleep, and those who wake up too early and can’t return to sleep.
Some of you might not even realize you have insomnia. But if you’re a light sleeper who never makes it through the deep revitalizing stages of sleep, or if sleep apnea interrupts your sleep stages, you’re likely to feel the exhausting effects.
Women are far more prone to insomnia than men. If you’re tossing and turning at night, you don’t need a list of how bad a restless night is for your body (you feel awful enough). What you do need are tips to help you get a better night’s sleep. Often the solution is as simple as determining the cause.
Common causes of insomnia:
Parenting: It’s not uncommon for parents, particularly mothers to disrupt their sleep cycle when caring for children. The disruption can come as early as pregnancy and continue as the mother tries to keep up with her baby’s short sleep cycle. Even when a growing child requires more and more sleep, mom is the first one woken up after a nightmare or during an illness. Moms quickly adapt by becoming light sleepers.
Bad sleeping habits: Because we try to pack so much into each day, our sleep schedules suffer. Bedtime can vary by hours. Instead of slowing down at night and preparing our body for sleep, we increase our busyness. Other bad sleeping habits include watching TV in bed, reading and any electronic usage. Finding a better way to balance the day; will help you sleep better at night.
Hormones: Hormones can easily wreak havoc with sleep, particularly during pregnancy, menstruation, peri-menopause and menopause. Hormone imbalances are not limited to women and could include problems stemming from improperly firing glands (thyroid, adrenals, pituitary, etc.)
Medicine: Many medications can affect sleep, including anti-depressants, one of the most often requested prescriptions.
What can you do if you’re plagued by sleepless nights?
Talk to your doctor if you believe your medication, pain or a health issue is behind insomnia. Changes in prescriptions or added prescriptions, such as GERD medication may solve the problem. Depression, anxiety or grief can often be reduced through therapy and/or medication. Make sure your doctor helps you choose a prescription that does not have the potential to aid insomnia.
Weight and sleep apnea are often (but not always) correlated. While sleep apnea is extremely dangerous, surgery, weight loss and special breathing machines can help patients manage the problem. If you’re not sure if you have sleep apnea, or can’t pinpoint why you have insomnia, your doctor may suggest a sleep study.
Exercise can both cause insomnia or reduce it, depending on several factors, including what time of day you exercise as well as the reason behind insomnia.